Singapore Maths is the generic name of the Maths curriculum or syllabus that is created by the Education Ministry in Singapore for use in Singapore schools. As more and more people around the world became fascinated by the astounding success of Singapore students in mathematics, they began referring to Singapore's Maths curriculum as simply Singapore Maths.
Some of the key components to the methodology are as follows:
1. The CPA Approach (to understand concepts)
This means Concrete ➛ Pictorial ➛ Abstract . This approach enables students to encounter Mathematics in a meaningful way and translate mathematical concepts from the concrete to the abstract. This approach allows students to understand mathematical concepts before learning "rules" or formulaic expressions.
Students first encounter the mathematical concepts through the use of visual and concrete manipulatives. Students then move on to the pictorial stage in which pictures are used to model problems. When students are familiar with ideas taught, they progress to a more advanced or abstract stage in which only numbers, notation and symbols are used.
2. Model-drawing (to visualise, see connections and solve problems)
Model-drawing transforms words into recognisable pictures for young minds.
Model-drawing is an ingenious problem-solving strategy were students are taught to visualise and construct bar models to help them make sense of word problems. The model-drawing method requires pupils to understand the mathematical concepts underlying the word problems and equips them with a strong conceptual foundation in Mathematics to solve even the most challenging problems. The model-drawing technique not only provides a powerful method for solving problems, but also serves to develop algebra. Symbolic representation of problems, the mainstay of algebra, emerges as a logical extension of the model-drawing technique.
3. Teaching to Mastery (for deep understanding)
Each topic is covered in detail and taught to mastery. Immediately after new concepts are taught, students are engaged with a variety of mathematically rich problems. This ensures that the focus is on the students' deep understanding of each topic. The Singapore Maths approach is geared towards producing mathematical thinkers, and it does this by walking students through all the component parts of a problem before presenting them with the whole problem to solve.
4. Spiral Progression (to build a strong mathematical foundation)
Topics covered previously are reviewed at higher grades and at increasing levels of difficulty. The introduction of new concepts is built upon the mathematical concepts students have learnt previously. Spiral progression also allows for a review of important mathematical concepts while expanding on that foundation, ensuring a coherent and focused programme.
5. Metacogntion (to promote logical thinking, reflection and communication)
Metacognition refers to the ability to monitor one's own thought process. Teaching students to be conscious of the strategies they use to accomplish a task encourages pupils to think of alternative means of solving problems and promote logical thinking.
The Singapore curricula for Maths and Science has consistently produced excellent results internationally. In international comparisons of educational systems such as TIMSS and PIRLS, Singapore consistently ranks top.
Children start by writing the baseline assessment. This are not the pass or fail tests, they are to help identify where a child can start on programme. Please click on this link to download/print the baseline assessment for your child: Baseline Assessments
We recommend that you start with CORE materials consisting of:
Textbooks (Pupil’s books)
Other materials are SUPPLEMENTARY and can be ordered once you have started on the programme or should you feel you need additional material. Many homeschool parents choose to purchse the Test books so that they can assess their children on a regular basis.
You will also need MANIPULATIVES as these are very important for teaching as this is an approach that uses concrete apparatus.
CORE materials are considered the essential components used to correctly teach Singapore Maths. These consist of the following books:
Pupil’s books (Textbooks)
All other books are considered as SUPPLEMENTARY, should you feel you need additional material to assist your child in a particular area. For example, if your child is needing remediation or reinforcement we would recommend reinforcement material. Alternatively, if your child needs additional stimulation, we would recommend enrichment materials.
For assistance regarding ordering of supplementary material that is appropriate for your child please email firstname.lastname@example.org
In a level, both the A and B books cover the curriculum for that particular year. The A is used for the first part of the year, the B is used for the second part of the year. Certain supplementary books don't have an A or B and are used across the whole year.
The primary school books have been set out in levels on the website to accord with the South African curriculum expectation.
Therefore, we recommend the books are used as follows:
Grade 1 - Level 1A
Grade 2 - Level 1B
Grade 3 - Levels 2A and 2B
Grade 4 - Levels 3A and 3B
Grade 5 - Levels 4A and 4B
Grade 6 - Levels 5A and 5B
Grade 7 - Levels 6A and 6B
Manipulatives are concrete teaching resources that are used to assist students to learn Maths in a meaningful manner. These also help students in the understanding of the WHY - not just HOW.
Please click on this link to view manipulatives recommended per grade:
We also recommend that you have a look at our Pinterest page for some ideas of manipulatives you can make at home:
The Metric System
The Singapore Dollar ($) - This is equal to 100c and is therefore easily adapted to the South African Rand.
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We do not recommend using the 2nd and 3rd edition core materials together as they are not compatible.
The 3rd edition of Level 6 My Pals Are Here! Maths will available for purchase from January 2019. The 2nd edition of Level 6 will remain available for the duration of 2019 while stocks last - we cannot guarantee availability of this edition from January 2019.
For the earlier levels there are no 2nd edition books available.
Singapore English International for Primary School PRIMARY ENGLISH
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